Royalty Who Wait: The 21 Heads of Formerly Regnant Houses of Europe

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  4. Royalty Who Wait: The 21 Heads of Formerly Regnant Houses of Europe

Hours later Ludwig Rudolph was found dead, apparently a victim of suicide, near his family's hunting lodge several miles away, on Lake Traun. In September it was reported in the French and English press that Ernst August has been living separately from his wife Caroline, who had returned to Monaco while he moved to Austria. He was photographed urinating on the Turkish Pavilion at the Expo event in Hanover, causing a diplomatic incident and a complaint from the Turkish embassy accusing him of insulting the Turkish people.

He successfully sued those who published Bild-Zeitung the photograph for invasion of privacy, obtaining an award of 9, euros , although the paper had previously published a photo of Ernst August urinating outside a hospital in Austria. In , he was convicted of aggravated assault and causing grievous bodily harm after supposedly beating a man with a knuckleduster. His lawyers have publicly stated that he has never owned a knuckleduster in his life nor held one in his hand.

In , Ernst August had signed over his German property to his elder son, including Marienburg Castle , the agricultural estate of Calenberg Castle , the "Princely House" at Herrenhausen Gardens in Hanover and some forests near Blankenburg Castle Harz which he had re-purchased in former East Germany after the German reunification of The latter remained in charge of the Austrian family assets. In however, Ernst August was removed from the chairmanship of a family foundation based in Liechtenstein which holds the properties near Gmunden in Austria, the Hanovers' main residence in exile after when their Kingdom of Hanover was annexed by Prussia.

Instead, the younger Ernst August was put in charge, reportedly for negligence on part of his father, [26] at the initiative of the foundation's trustee Prince Michael of Liechtenstein. In Ernst August filed legal action to recover his chairmanship, and he intends to revoke the bestowal of his German property. Due to this dispute over family assets, he also declared his intention to withhold consent for his son's marriage to Ekaterina Malysheva [28] which he did not attend. On Monday, 3 April , Ernst August was admitted to hospital with acute pancreatitis. The next day, he fell into a deep coma , two days before the death of his father-in-law, Rainier III, Prince of Monaco.

On Friday, 8 April , hospital officials reported that he was no longer in a coma but remained in intensive care. A report the same day on BBC World described his condition as "serious but not irreversible. In an interview he admitted at the time that his health crisis was caused by his hyperactive lifestyle and problems with alcohol. In Germany, the legal privileges of royalty and nobility were abolished in ; thereafter for legal purposes, hereditary titles form part of the name only.

Patrilineal descent , reckoned from father to son, was the principle of membership in Europe's dynasties , including that of Hanover. Below is the descent of the heirs male of the House of Hanover concluding with Ernst August, Prince of Hanover according to agnatic primogeniture. For the complete expanded family tree, see List of members of the House of Hanover. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Princess Caroline of Monaco m. Ancestors of Prince Ernst August of Hanover born George V of Hanover 8. Ernest Augustus, Crown Prince of Hanover Princess Marie of Saxe-Altenburg 4.

Ernest Augustus, Duke of Brunswick Christian IX of Denmark 9. Princess Thyra of Denmark Princess Louise of Hesse-Kassel 2. William II, German Emperor However, at the last minute she changed her mind. In September , Luise married for a second time. Her new husband was Enrico Toselli, an Italian musician 12 years her younger.

They had a son, Carlo, born in May Soon after this marriage, her first husband found their daughter and had her brought back to Dresden. She also separated from her second husband, and they were divorced four years later. Luise caused even more of a scandal in when her memoirs were published, detailing her time in Saxony, her marriage, and her fall from grace.

She cast the blame primarily on her father-in-law and the Saxon courtiers who feared her influence when she became Queen. She claimed that the royal family were jealous of her popularity — a fact which is without question. As Crown Princess, Luise was immensely popular with the Saxon people, partially because she refused to conform to the strict etiquette and protocol of the Court. While her book brought her much sympathy and support, it also brought her further rejection. Many — particularly amongst royal circles — felt that she brought disgrace to the monarchy by airing her dirty laundry in such a way.

After World War I, Luise found herself virtually penniless. She had lost all of her Austrian titles and assets upon her second marriage, and with the end of the Austrian Empire, lost the little financial support that she had continued to receive from a few relatives. She spent some time living in Spain with an uncle before moving to Belgium where she spent the remainder of her life.

Church of the Redeemer, Hedinger Monastery, Sigmaringen. At the time, she was working as a flower seller to survive. Her urn was placed in the Hedingen monastery in Sigmaringen, the traditional burial place of the House of Hohenzollern. Learn more about royalty, past and present here and share your thoughts on our forums. Maria Karoline was named for an elder sister who had died as a child. Maria Karoline center, holding a basket with her parents and siblings, painting by Josef Kreutzinger c Her mother died when she was just six years old, and her father went on to remarry twice.

At the time, he was third in line to the throne of Saxony. The couple had no children. From all accounts, the marriage was not a happy one. The Princess suffered from epilepsy, often plagued with seizures which more or less left her incapacitated for long periods of time. She became Crown Princess in when her father-in-law relinquished his rights to the throne in favor of Friedrich August, who was also proclaimed Prince Co-Regent with his uncle, King Anton. She had fifteen younger siblings:.

Maria Theresia and her siblings were raised by their parents as opposed to a household of servants and governesses — something quite unusual for the time. - The History of Europe - European Royalty

As she grew up, she became a very private person, and enjoyed a simple and religious home life. They were previously married by proxy in Florence on September 8. However, it was assumed that Friedrich August would have children, and Anton would not inherit the throne — something which pleased the very private princess. The couple had four children, none of whom lived past infancy:.

Sadly, her tenure as Queen was short-lived. She had 11 siblings:. Maria Ludovica far right with her parents and siblings, painted by Josef Kreutzinger, c She did not, however, have a close relationship with her mother, who showed little affection for her children. She received a traditional education at court, with much focus on religion and languages, becoming fluent in at least six. From a young age, she had developed a dislike for all things French.

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This was greatly influenced by her grandmother a sister of the French Queen Marie Antoinette who was killed during the French Revolution when Maria Ludovica was just a toddler. She lost her mother in , but became close to her step-mother, Maria Ludovika of Austria-Este , who was very close in age. By the end of , the French Emperor Napoleon was searching for a new bride who could bear him an heir and set his sights on the leading royal families of Europe. Ending his quest for a Russian bride, Napoleon began negotiations to take Maria Ludovica as his wife. A marriage contract was signed in February , and the couple was married by proxy on March 11, , at the Augustinian Church in Vienna.

Too recent memories of the last Austrian consort — Marie Antoinette — had many wary of their new Empress.

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But the Emperor went out of his way to make her as comfortable as possible, and appears to have developed quite a love for his second wife. Soon, the couple had their only child:. Little did she know at the time that their paths would cross again in a few years, in a much different manner.

After disastrous results against Russia, Napoleon soon saw the collapse of his empire. Prussia and the United Kingdom soon joined forces with Russia, declaring war on France. Marie Louise tried to get her father to join forces with France, but Austria, too, soon joined the coalition against Napoleon. On March 29, , with her husband leading his troops to try to stave off an invasion, Marie Louise and her court left Paris and moved to Blois. Under the terms of the Treaty of Fontainebleau , Marie Louise retained her rank and style and was granted the duchies of Parma, Placentia, and Guastalla, with her son as her heir.

Several months later, she planned a visit to the spas in Aix-les-Bains. In order to keep her from trying to join her husband in Elba, her father sent Count von Neipperg to accompany her. The two soon fell in love, and von Neipperg became her Chamberlain and represented her at the Congress of Vienna. The news of this romance caused quite a bit of scandal, both in France and in Austria. After his defeat at the Battle of Waterloo and exile to Saint Helena in October , the two had no further contact.

Meanwhile, the Congress of Vienna modified the decisions of the Treaty of Fontainebleau. Maria Louise remained Duchess of Parma, Piacenza, and Guastalla, but only for her lifetime, and she was prohibited from bringing her son to Italy. Accompanied by Count von Neipperg, she arrived in Parma in early Despite still being legally married to Napoleon, she and von Neipperg had three children:.

The Count died several years later — on February 22, — leaving Marie Louise devastated.

Royalty Who Wait: The 21 Heads of Formerly Regnant Houses of Europe

In , Marie Louise found herself caught up in the uprisings spreading around Italy against the Austrian-appointed Prime Minister. Initially prevented from leaving Parma, she managed to escape to Piacenza. She asked her father to replace the Prime Minister, but he instead sent Austrian forces to suppress the rebellion. The following year, Marie Louise traveled back to enna, and was at the bedside of her son when he died of tuberculosis in July Soon, Marie Louise would marry for a third time.

Six months later, on February 17, , Bombelles and Marie Louise were married. As Duchess of Parma, Marie Louise supported many causes, with much of her efforts going toward improving medical care and treatment. She established a childbirth hospital and a training school for nurses, as well as a hospital for those with mental illness. She worked toward ensuring that the Duchy was as prepared as possible for potential outbreaks of disease, and her efforts helped to minimize the number of deaths in a cholera outbreak which came to Parma in She also promoted the establishment of roads and bridges, and was a great supporter of music and theater.

Having established a new Ducal Theater in the s, she made sure that tickets were made available at prices which would allow the less-fortunate to attend. She established the Conservatory of Parma, and supported numerous artists, including famed composer Giuseppe Verdi. She also brought libraries, museums and art galleries to Parma, and founded several schools and colleges. In early December , the Duchess fell ill and her condition worsened quickly.

She died on the evening of December 17, in Parma. Her remains were returned to Austria, where they were interred in the Imperial Crypt in Vienna. Maria Antonia had 15 siblings:. Educated privately at home, Maria Antonia was not a very good student, especially in comparison to her siblings. However, she did become an accomplished musician, playing the flute, harp and harpsichord. She was particularly close to her sister Maria Carolina who was just three years older.

The marriage of Marie Antoinette and Louis-Auguste, Maria Antonia was just 13 when the engagement was announced on June 13, The couple married by proxy on April 19, , at the Augustinian Church in Vienna. The following month, she arrived in her new country and met her husband for the first time. Two days later, on May 16, , she and Louis-Auguste were married in a grand ceremony held in the chapel of the Palace of Versailles. They went on to have four children:. As the new Dauphine of France, Marie Antoinette received a mixed reception.

Upon becoming Queen upon the death of King Louis XV in May , she found that she had little influence on her husband, often finding her requests being blocked by two of his ministers. It was here that the Queen truly found her privacy, allowing only her closest friends and family to visit her there. The Queen felt that the clear air outside of the city would be better for her children.

As she had done with the Petit Trianon, Marie Antoinette quickly began to transform her new home, expanding the building and decorating it with lavish furniture commissioned specifically for the chateau. Marie Antoinette in court dress, c As Queen, Marie Antoinette was often criticized for her spending — indulging in lavish gowns and other luxuries while the country was in the midst of financial crisis.

She introduced new styles in clothing and hairstyles, and indulged herself in her personal interested in music in theater. Over time, she began to exert more political influence, encouraging her husband to replace several of his older ministers, and prodding him to become involved in the American Revolution. By the mid s, The Queen was the subject of endless gossip and character attacks from the French people.

Following the divorce on 19 June , Franz Wilhelm reverted to his Prussian name and style. Maria Vladimirovna lives in France and Spain.

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When Vladimir Kirillovich died on 21 April , his daughter Maria claimed to succeed him as head of the Russian Imperial Family on the grounds that she was the only child of the last male dynast of the Imperial house according to the Romanovs' Pauline laws. Nicholas Romanov, Prince of Russia , who maintained his own claims to dynastic status and to headship of the Romanov family, [12] stated, "Strictly applying the Pauline Laws as amended in to all marriages of Equal Rank, the situation is very clear.

At the present time, not one of the Emperors or Grand Dukes of Russia has left living descendants with unchallengeable rights to the Throne of Russia. Following the discovery of the remains of Emperor Nicholas II and most of his immediate family in , Maria Vladimirovna wrote to President Boris Yeltsin regarding the burial of the remains, saying of her Romanov cousins, whom she does not recognise as members of the Imperial House including the grandchildren of Nicholas II's sister Grand Duchess Xenia , that they "do not have the slightest right to speak their mind and wishes on this question.

They can only go and pray at the grave, as can any other Russian, who so wishes". There might be something to gain out of this. Maria hopes for the restoration of the monarchy someday and is "ready to respond to a call from the people". In either case, there is unscrupulousness at work. The only thing that causes me regret is that some of our relatives waste their time and energy on little intrigues instead of striving to be of some use to their country.

I have never quarreled with anyone about these matters and I remain open to a discussion and cooperation with all, including, of course, my relatives. But there can be no foundation for cooperation without respect for our dynastic laws, fulfilling these laws, and following our family traditions.

In , Maria became frustrated with the internal strife within the Russian monarchist movement. When representatives of the Union of Descendants of Noble Families, one of two rival nobility associations the other, older one being the Assembly of the Russian Nobility were discovered to be distributing chivalric titles and awards of the Order of Saint Nicholas the Wonderworker , without her approval, she published a relatively strongly worded disclaimer.

The March recognition of her claim by the head of the Russian Orthodox Church, Kirill I Patriarch of Moscow and all Russia , seemed to have drawn further supporters. In an interview, he firmly rejected the claims of the other Romanov descendants and stated: But in the person of Grand Duchess Maria Vladimirovna and her son, George, the succession of the Romanovs is preserved — no longer to the Russian Imperial throne, but to history itself.

However this style, and even her right to the title "Grand Duchess", are disputed.

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This name uses Eastern Slavic naming customs ; the patronymic is Vladimirovna and the family name is Romanova. Prince Franz Wilhelm of Prussia m.

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