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- Public Health Service (PHS) Agencies: Overview and Funding, FYFY - Digital Library
- Federal Agency Biodefense Funding, FY2013-FY2014
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Earlier articles in this series have analyzed civilian biodefense funding by the federal government for fiscal years FY through proposed funding for FY This article also includes an updated assessment of the proportion of biodefense funding provided for programs that address multiple scientific, public health, healthcare, national security, and international security issues in addition to biodefense. T his article analyzes federal government funding for civilian biodefense from fiscal year FY through the proposed budget for FY Color graphics available online at www.
A majority of the programs included from the FY biodefense budget have both biodefense and nonbiodefense goals and applications. For some of these programs, biodefense is a secondary goal. These programs are intended to address a range of scientific, public health, healthcare, national security, and international security issues in addition to biodefense. Programs with both biodefense and nonbiodefense goals and applications include those that fund basic scientific research in infectious disease pathogenesis and immunology, programs to improve planning and operations related to public health preparedness, and programs to improve preparedness and response for a range of other disasters.
This proposed funding increases the estimated proportion of funds for solely biodefense-related programs in FY Based on analyses from previous biodefense funding articles and updated numbers for this year's article, it appears that the overall proposed FY biodefense budget would be increased compared to estimated funding levels for FY The facility will support research on foreign animal, emerging, and zoonotic diseases that threaten animal health, agriculture, and public health.
Additionally, as with recent past analyses, a number of biodefense programs have been combined with other line items and are no longer distinguishable, leading to the appearance of higher funding Table 1 , Figure 2. This year's analysis employed similar methods and sources as were used in previous articles in this series. In order to make this analysis readable, funding amounts for FYFY have been collapsed into 1 column in the tables. Please see previous Federal Biodefense Funding analyses for a full, detailed description of methods, sources, assumptions, and FYFY funding details.
In addition to the analysis of biodefense funding by federal agency, this article includes an updated assessment of the proportion of civilian biodefense funding, from FY through FY, that has been dedicated to programs with objectives solely related to biodefense versus the amount provided for programs with both biodefense and nonbiodefense goals and applications. Some specific examples of programs with solely biodefense goals are the DHS BioWatch program for biological agent early detection, HHS smallpox and anthrax vaccine research, and DoD cooperative biological threat reduction programs to engage former bioweapons scientists in new biological research activities.
A program with both biodefense and nonbiodefense goals is defined as a program that serves one or more purposes beyond biodefense. At least 1 major element of the program is specifically related to improving biodefense. However, the program also has objectives related to advancing other areas of science, public health, healthcare, national security, or international security.
Programs with both biodefense and nonbiodefense goals include the HHS Hospital Preparedness Program HPP , which helps to improve healthcare surge capacity around the country for multiple hazards including bioterrorism; the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases' NIAID Biodefense Research Program, which, in addition to funding preclinical and clinical research toward biodefense countermeasures, also funds basic infectious disease pathogenesis and immunology research with implications for a multitude of other diseases; and the DoD WMD Civil Support Teams, which would be deployed to respond to a range of disasters in the United States, including a biological attack Table 2 , Figure 2.
The majority of the HHS biodefense budget would be used for programs with many public health and medical response or preparedness goals. Other programs in ASPR would be funded at a relatively steady level. Food Defense and Physical Security funding would remain flat.
Additionally, a number of the early stage research and development programs that previously had reductions in funding under MBD have been reorganized. Funding for these programs has either remained level with Basic Research or decreased Applied Research This program aims to counter the threat posed by high-risk pathogens as delineated in the US Select Agent List , related materials and expertise, and other emerging infectious disease risks.
DARPA's Biological Warfare Defense program focuses on developing technologies for pathogen detection, prevention, treatment, and remediation and works jointly with other government agencies to fund programs supporting new approaches to biodefense. Congress Completes Work on Spending Bill. Much of this reduction is related to the defunding of BioWatch Generation 3, for which no funding was requested in the President's FY budget. The new program will provide countermeasures to DHS mission-essential personnel in accordance with Executive Order This program is new to the analysis this year, and funding since FY has been included.
Previous funding information for this program was unavailable. This request represents an increase in requested funds over estimated FY levels. Many of these agencies would receive increased funding above estimated FY levels. It should be noted that estimated levels from FY are uncertain due to Continuing Resolutions and the Sequestration process.
Although the analysis shows an increase in proposed FY levels of funding compared to estimated FY levels, there is still significant uncertainty about appropriations totals for FY Schuler developed this concept and was the first to identify the civilian biodefense programs on which this analysis is based. The authors also acknowledge Crystal Franco, who authored the series from to Tracking biodefense funding is a difficult process that evolves each year. The authors encourage readers to submit any updates or additional information that they feel should be included in future reports in this series.
Public Health Service (PHS) Agencies: Overview and Funding, FYFY - Digital Library
This may be because the snippet appears in a figure legend, contains special characters or spans different sections of the article. Biodefense Strategy, Practice, and Science. Tara Kirk Sell and Matthew Watson. Copyright , Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
Federal Agency Biodefense Funding, FY2013-FY2014
This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Since , the United States government has spent substantial resources on preparing the nation against a bioterrorist attack. Open in a separate window. Basic Article Assumptions and Methods. Programs solely related to biodefense, and programs with significant biodefense goals or impact on biopreparedness. All-hazards programs without biodefense in the mission or project description , funding just for pandemic flu, and programs specific to the warfighter with no civilian applications.
Funding amounts for FY were estimated under unclear conditions for Continuing Resolutions and Sequester cuts. Funding Trends Based on analyses from previous biodefense funding articles and updated numbers for this year's article, it appears that the overall proposed FY biodefense budget would be increased compared to estimated funding levels for FY Methods, Sources, and Assumptions This year's analysis employed similar methods and sources as were used in previous articles in this series.
It is now a CDC function. BioShield funding allocated in a specific year does not accurately reflect the amount of money spent by the BioShield program in that year Figure 4. Congress will consider this amount in appropriations discussions for FY DHS could not confirm the validity of this number.
FYFY budgets were also not published in budget documents but were obtained through personal contact with DHS. Homeland Security Preparedness, Response and Security Critical Infrastructure Protection, Improve Compliance 8.
Federal agency biodefense funding, FYFY NIH response to open letter. US Department of the Army. US Department of Defense. Office of the Undersecretary of Defense Comptroller.
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US Department of Homeland Security. FY Budget in Brief. This legislative branch agency works exclusively for Members of Congress, their committees and their staff. This collection includes CRS reports from the mid's through the present--covering a variety of topics from agriculture to foreign policy to welfare.
What responsibilities do I have when using this report? Dates and time periods associated with this report. Geographical information about where this report originated or about its content. Description This report discusses the eleven agencies that consist of the Department of Health and Human Services HHS , including their purposes and funding. Physical Description 38 pages.
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